Our Educational Service Districts

Nine ESDs – One Goal

Each of Washington’s nine Educational Service Districts (ESDs) provides essential local services, responsive to their region’s communities.

About Educational Service Districts

In 1969, Educational Service Districts (ESDs) were formed when individual County Superintendent of School offices were consolidated and reorganized to reduce duplication, equalize educational opportunities, and provide a more effective reporting and accountability system to the state legislature.

ESDs link local public and private schools with one another and with state and national resources. ESD Cooperatives and programs enhance educational opportunities because they realize significant savings, allowing districts to send more dollars directly to the classroom and provide special services that might otherwise be unavailable to their regions.

As you can see, ESDs play a crucial role in addressing the challenges in our public schools. Geographically closer to local schools and their district offices, the ESDs serve as regional liaisons between the State Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI), State Board of Education, and the Legislature.

AESD: Have You Heard of Educational Service Districts?

The ESD Return on Investment

As ESDs reach their fifth decade of service, the scope and nature of linking and service responsibilities reflect the change facing our public schools today. In a time of increased public accountability, of both student performance and management of public resources, ESDs in Washington are “the” model of efficiency and leverage. The nine ESDs leveraged $5.1 million of state allocated core funding into $251 million of needed services for students and schools in Washington. Stated another way, for every $1 in core funding, ESDs returned $49 in educational programs and services – $230 for every student in the state.

AESD Core Funding

As our state’s citizens demand higher standards and ever increasing demands on educational programs, the ESDs of Washington state will continue to provide critical services such as teacher and staff training, networking and technology integration, and direct services for students with special needs and early childhood education. We will continue to create new opportunities, leverage more resources, and facilitate broad support for the benefit of all students and their families in Washington State.

Washington ESDs serve:

  • 1 million+ ​students
  • 65,000+ K-12 educators
  • 295 School Districts
  • 2,393 Public Schools
  • 792 Private Schools
  • 16 Public Charter Schools
  • 7 State Tribal Education Compact Schools (STECs)
  • 2 State Schools

ESD 101 - NorthEast Washington

4202 S. Regal
Spokane, 99223-7738
tel: 509.789.3800
www.esd101.net

New ESD 101

ESD 105

33 S. 2nd Ave.
Yakima, 98902-3486
tel: 509.575.2885
www.esd105.org

ESD 105

ESD 112

2500 N.E. 65th Ave.
Vancouver, 98661-6812
tel: 360.750.7503
www.esd112.org

ESD 112

ESD 113 - Capital Region

6005 Tyee Drive SW
Tumwater, 98512
tel: 360.464.6700
www.esd113.org

ESD 113

ESD 114 - Olympic

105 National Ave. N.
Bremerton, 98312
tel: 360.405.5801
www.oesd114.org/

ESD 114 - Olympic

ESD 121 - Puget Sound

800 Oakesdale Ave. SW
Renton, 98057
tel: 800.664.4549
www.psesd.org

Puget Sound ESD

ESD 123

3918 W. Court St.
Pasco, 99301
tel: 509.547.8441
www.esd123.org

ESD 123

ESD 171 - North Central

430 Old Station Road
Wenatchee, 98801
tel: 509.665.2610
www.ncesd.org

North Central ESD 171

ESD 189 - Northwest

1601 R Avenue
Anacortes, 98221
tel: 360.299.4000
www.nwesd.org

Northwest ESD 189

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Washington State’s ESD History

1967

Legislature passed Interlocal Cooperative Act permitting local government units to cooperate.

1967

Legislature passed Interlocal Cooperative Act permitting local government units to cooperate.

1969

Legislature passed Intermediate School District Act of 1969. State Board created 141SDS.

1970

Major cooperatives for firms and teaching materials operated in the regional offices.

1971

Legislature amended ISD Act (EHB 86) to study funding and emphasized ISDs cooperative programming role to meet local needs.

1972

The State Board of Education reduced the number of ISDs from 14 to 12 and continued funding study.

1974

Legislature changed ISDs’ primary focus from regulatory to support service County funding reduced.

1975

Name was changed from Intermediate School Districts to Educational Service Districts (ESDs).

1977

The State Board of Education reduced the number of ESDs from 12 to the present nine. Board members could be elected by school board members.

1979

ESD cooperative purchasing programs authorized.

1981

Legislature authorized ESDs to provide direct student service programs (i.e. special education) to local districts.

1982

First LBC study of ESDs found they met statutory intent and school support roles, with strengths in providing cooperative and fiscal assistance.

1984

Legislature changed ESD funding formula in light of Doran Decision (Basic Education) with state mandated formula.

1985

Regional Committees on School District Organizations reorganized under ESDs.

1988

Legislature allowed ESDs to provide district services and receive direct state apportionments for pupil transportation and special education.

1990

ESD “Core Services” defined for biennial budget purposes.

1991

ESD self-insurance pooling authority expanded to liability/risk insurance cooperatives.

1993

The “Powers Bill” passed the legislature allowing ESDs similar authority as local school districts to provide services not in conflict with state law.

1995

Second LBC study of ESDs endorsed their value and support to local districts in providing needed services and saving money.

2004

ESDs signed an Interlocal Agreement to enable the nine ESDs in the State of Washington to work together.

2006

Washington State Educational Service District Self Study by Marcua Fromhold completed; Audit of Washington State ESDs.

2007

ESD Performance Audit

2008

Regional Delivery Program Proposal

2014

AESD & OSPI Network 2.0; AESD & OSPI ED Network Integration

2015

Washington State ESDs sign an Interlocal Agreement to clarify the manner in which the nine ESDs in the State of Washington will work together as an ESD Network.